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Biological Warfare facts

While investigating facts about Biological Warfare History and Biological Warfare Today, I found out little known, but curios details like:

The Mongols would catapult the dead bodies of soldiers infected by the bubonic plague over city walls during sieges. This was one of the earliest known accounts of biological warfare.

how to survive biological warfare?

In 1947 the US government simulated a biological warfare attack by spraying bacteria on the entire city of San Francisco without informing the residents or obtaining consent, in violation of The Nuremberg Code.

What biological warfare means?

In my opinion, it is useful to put together a list of the most interesting details from trusted sources that I've come across answering what does biological warfare mean. Here are 50 of the best facts about Biological Warfare Agents and Biological Warfare Meaning I managed to collect.

what's biological warfare?

  1. Australia conducted biological warfare against its invasive rabbit population, reducing the population from 600 million to 100 million.

  2. When the Mongol army was withering from the 14th century bubonic plague epidemic, they decided to catapult their infected corpses over city walls before invading. This is considered one of the first acts of biological warfare

  3. Under Genghis Khan, the Mongols would catapult the dead bodies of soldiers infected by the bubonic plague over city walls during sieges. This is one of the earliest accounts biological warfare.

  4. The conspiracy theory that US government created AIDS was part of Soviet propaganda to distract attention from its biological warfare program.

  5. Unit 731, a covert Japanese research group that carried out human experimentation during WWII to study chemical and biological warfare. The are considered to be responsible for some of the worst war crimes in history for the tens of thousand who died during the experiments.

  6. Instead of trying Unit 731 - the lethal Japanese human experimentation program in WWII - for war crimes, the American government secretly granted immunity in exchange for the data they had gathered for their own biological warfare program.

  7. Catapults were at times used to fling infected corpses towards defending garrisons back in the middle ages. Causing diseases and plagues, this was the Biological warfare of the time.

  8. The Ottoman Empire laid siege to the city of Candia for over 21 years. The besieged citizens considered using biological warfare, by attacking them with a liquid made of the spleens of plague victims to spread the disease.

  9. Armies throughout history have used snakes, scorpions and bees as forms of biological warfare. This includes launching clay pots full of snakes onto enemy boats.

  10. Frank R Olson, a CIA biological warfare scientist who was dosed with LSD by his CIA supervisor and then committed suicide by jumping off a hotel nine days later.

biological warfare facts
What is biological warfare definition?

Why is biological warfare illegal?

You can easily fact check why is biological warfare used by examining the linked well-known sources.

The United States is the only country that has been officially accused of biological warfare, after it was accused of dropping a plague of insects onto Cuba.

The Japanese were planning a biological warfare attack on San Diego in September of 1945. They surrendered 5 weeks before the planned execution date. - source

Some of the earliest instances of biological warfare were said to have been products of the bubonic plague, as armies of the 14th century were recorded catapulting diseased corpses over the walls of towns and villages to spread the pestilence. - source

Unit 731, a covert biological warfare research and development unit of the Japanese Army that undertook lethal human experimentation. A few of the experiments included vivisection without anesthesia and pressure chambers to see how much a human could take before his eyes popped out. - source

When was biological warfare banned?

Mongols under Genghis Khan used corpses infected with Bubonic Plague as weapons for biological warfare in 1346 during the Siege of Kafa

How to prevent biological warfare?

The Black Death, which killed 30-60% of the population of Europe, was reportedly spread to Europe as a result of an act of biological warfare. The infected Mongol army, during a siege of Kaffa, catapulted infected corpses into the city to infect the inhabitants, some of whom fled to Europe.

In 1950 the US Navy released clouds of bacteria onto the city of San Francisco to test the susceptibility of cities during biological warfare, causing 11 people to get urinary tract infections and one man to die from heart complications caused by the bacteria

Entomological Warfare is a type of biological warfare that uses insects to attack the enemy. In WW2, France and Germany used the Colorado Potato Beetle to try and deplete their enemy's food sources.

Operation Cherry Blossoms at Night" was a planned Japanese biological warfare attack using submarine-launched attack floatplanes to drop plague contaminated fleas over San Diego. The war ended roughly a month before it was to be executed.

When did biological warfare start?

After WW2 rats escaped from Japanese biological warfare research centers in Manchuria causing an outbreak of Bubonic plague

Kurt Blome, a Nazi scientist acquitted during the Nuremberg Doctors' Trial by the United States. It is generally accepted that he conducted chemical and biological warfare experiments on concentration camp inmates, and collaborated with the Japanese biological warfare program. He died in 1969

The first test of biological warfare in the U.S. happened in Pentagon. Operatives sprayed harmless bacteria into the air conditioning system and observed as the microbes spread throughout the building.

The UK Government conducted Biological Warfare tests on the General Public

How to protect yourself from biological warfare?

In 1950 the U.S. Navy sprayed dangerous bacteria over San Francisco to simulate a biological warfare attack. Dozens of people were sickened and hospitalized as a result.

The Plum Island, Hannibal Lecter's proffered vacation getaway and former biological warfare research facility, is now up for auction to the highest bidder.

The United States forgave Japan's war crimes committed by Unit 731 during World War 2 for the information gathered from the murder and torture of 250,000 people for use in their own biological warfare program. "Victim accounts were dismissed in the West as communist propaganda."

The executive of Unit 731, a biological warfare unit, later became the director of International Olympics Committee's Board for 5 years

Yeehaw Junction in Florida was the site of a biological warfare experiment.

According to a 14th-century account, the Mongolian Army used the black death in biological warfare. They hurled 'plague-infected cadavers into the besieged Crimean city of Caffa, thereby transmitting the disease to the inhabitants.'

Yersinia pestis (the black plague) became the first biological warfare agent used in history, when in 1347 the Mongols catapaulted plague victims over the city walls of Caffa (now in Crimea). This may have subsequently helped spread the black death in Europe.

The United States didn't sign the Geneva Protocol banning the use of chemical and biological weapons in warfare until 1975 and there's speculation that they used biological weapons in the Korean War

Unit 731, a Japanese covert Bio/Chemical warfare unit killed tens, if not hundreds of thousands of Chinese, Russian, and even Japanese, with cruel experimentation on women and children, and planned biological attacks on San Diego. Only a few were ever charged with the experiments.

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